Learning a Trade, Realizing a Career Goal Apprentices who enter the construction industry through Construction Skills attend classes paid for by unions and contractors, while simultaneously being employed on projects in their craft throughout New York City. 
As part of a registered apprenticeship program, apprentices receive a minimum of 144 hours of annual classroom instruction covering the theory, principles and technical knowledge required to do the job.  They also receive on-the-job training while employed at wages which increase as their skills progress.
At the successful conclusion of apprenticeship training, which typically lasts 3-5 years depending on the trade, apprentices graduate to journey workers.  Journey workers are recognized as the most qualified members of their craft and are paid top wages and benefits.
Apprenticeship is the process of learning a skilled occupation through:

1) On-the-job training (practical, paid experience)
2) Classroom training (related, technical education)
3) All training is afforded to you free-of-charge as a union member (similar to a scholarship)

Apprentices earn approximately $15–20 per hour plus benefits
Journey workers earn approximately $30–40 per hour plus benefits
The length of training varies from two to five years, depending on the trade.


NYC District Council of Carpenters

The New York City District Council of Carpenters and Joiners of America is a representative body comprised of ten individual Locals and 25,000 union members. The District Council functions as the voice for thousands of New York City’s most dedicated and skilled Carpenters, Millwrights, Dockbuilders, Timberman, Cabinetmakers and Floor coverers.
Length of program: 4 years / 5 years for Cabinetmakers

Electrical Workers Local 3

Construction and residential electricians work in all phases of the electrical construction and service industry. Electrical workers install and maintain conduits, switches and converters, wire lighting as well as complex systems incorporating computerization and high technology. Electricians work on the installation of fiber optics and voice/data/video equipment.
Length of program: 5 1/2 years

Plumbers Local 1

The plumber protects the health of the nation. Plumbers assemble, install and repair a variety of piping systems that carry water, waste, natural gas and medical gas in homes, schools, wastewater treatment plants, hospitals, and other commercial and public buildings. Plumbers play a roll in the high tech world of today from space to the bottom of the ocean.
Length of program: 5 years

Structural Iron Workers & Riggers Locals 40/361

Structural ironworkers erect the framework for high-rise buildings, bridges, power plants, and towers. They raise, place, and join steel girders and columns to form these structural frameworks, including the welding of metal decking. They also erect and install pre-cast beams, columns and panels as well as rigging of heavy machinery and erect, dismantle and jump cranes and derricks.
Length of program: 3 years

Mason Tenders (Laborers Locals 78 & 79)

General Building Laborers provide the demanding labor at construction projects,tunnel and shaft excavations, environmental remediation projects, and demolition sites. They clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, erect scaffolding, perform torch cutting as well as set braces. Laborers assist other skilled trades such as brick masons and carpenters.
Length of program: 3 years

Sheet Metal Workers Local 28

Sheet metal workers design, fabricate, assemble, install, and repair fittings and ductwork used in construction or industry
for heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems in residential, commercial, and industrial applications.
Length of program: 4 years

Steamfitters Local 638

A steamfitter installs equipment and piping that produces and/or transmits heat by means of steam or hot water; hydraulics; compressed air and pneumatic tube; and process and general pipe fitting. Piping is installed in residential and office buildings, schools, hospitals, factories, sewage treatment and disposal plants, water treatment plants, and co-generating facilities.
Length of program: 5 years

Concrete Workers District Council Local 16

Concrete workers are responsible for handling and wheeling unmixed or dry concrete material, mixing, wheeling, spreading, leveling, placing and ramming concrete and cement mortar and placing concrete on buildings and foundations. They deal with all types of form lumber or forms in connection with buildings and reinforcing steel. Concrete Workers are responsible for erecting and dismantling all cranes in connection with the work, and all hand and radio signaling of the cranes.
Length of program: 3 years

Ornamental Iron Workers Local 580

Ironworkers assemble and erect steel framework and other metal parts in buildings, on bridges, dams, and other steel structures. Ornamental ironworkers install elevator shafts, stairs, curtain walls and other decorative pieces after the primary structure of the building has been completed.
Length of program: 3 years

Operating Engineers Local 14

Hoisting and Portable Operating Engineers work on high, operating construction cranes, as well as in deep excavations with earth moving equipment. Operating Engineers also working the sand and gravel, cement and asphalt industries; in the shipyards; on water dredges, oil refineries and oil pipelines; in sewer and water construction; in ports of major cities and in many other industries.
Length of program: 4 years

Cement Masons Local 780

Cement masons place and finish concrete; they also level (screed), shape, and smooth surfaces. The majority of their work is in industrial and commercial buildings. Cement masons must know the working characteristics of various cement and concrete mixes.
Length of program: 3 years

Tile, Marble & Terrazzo Local 7

These craft workers lay marble and ceramic tiles and marble panels. They also mix, lay, and grind terrazzo (floor covering made of concrete and colored marble chips). Tile, marble, and terrazzo workers do new work as well as repair and remodel schools, hospitals, banks, office buildings, NYC subway stations, and retail shopping centers.
Length of program: 4 years

Derrickmen & Riggers Local 197

These workers place and operate all derricks, power equipment, and rigging in connection with cut stone, pre-cast stone or concrete, and mosaic and rubble on all buildings, structures, bridges, and viaducts during construction, alteration, addition or repair.
Length of program: 3 years

Roofers & Waterproofers Local 8

Roofers remove roofs, prepare roof surfaces and install new roofs. They work on various types of buildings, protecting these facilities from water leaks and damage. Waterproofing is a specialty aspect of the roofing trade but is no less important than a roof in protecting a building against moisture intrusion.
Length of program: 4 years

Operating Engineers Local 15

Operating engineers are workers who operate and maintain construction site equipment used to move materials, earth, and other heavy materials, and to apply asphalt and concrete to roads and other structures. They operate heavy graders, cranes, bulldozers, pavers, rollers, trench excavators, and front end loaders.
Length of program: 4 years

Metal Lathers & Reinforcing Iron Workers Local 46

Lathers install rebar in all reinforcing where needed, such as bridges, roads and buildings. They also provide support for all suspended ceilings. They erect walls that will receive lath and plaster. Lathers also make trees and rock structures for zoos and aquariums, and make all kinds of free forms that cannot be made using standard forms.
Length of program: 3 years

Painters and Allied Trades District Council 9

The District Council represents painters (paperhangers and decorators), drywall tapers, glaziers, metal polishers, and structural bridge painters. Painters remove and apply protective and decorative coatings to NYC office buildings, hospitals, schools, and other commercial and industrial structures. Drywallers prepare walls to be painted or have decorative finishes or materials applied. Bridge painters remove and apply protective coatings to bridges, ships, factories, and other structures. Glaziers fabricate and install aluminum and glass storefronts, doors, and windows.
Length of program: 4 years

Elevator Constructors Local 1

Elevator constructors assemble, install, operate, inspect, test, maintain, alter, repair and replace elevators, platform lifts, stairway chair lifts, escalators, dumbwaiters, moving walkways and similar equipment in new and old buildings.
Length of program: 4 years

Heat & Frost Insulators and Asbestos Workers Local 12

Installation workers install different types of insulating materials for five basic purposes: to prevent heat transfer; to conserve energy; to retard freezing; to protect personnel from burns; and to control mildew, mold and fire hazards. Work is done in hospitals, schools, commercial buildings, refineries, ships and industrial plants.
Length of program: 4 years

Bricklayers and Allied Craftworkers, BAC Local 1

Bricklayer craft workers build, repair and renovate structures, and portions of structures that are made of brick and other clay products and artificial masonry units made of any material. The skilled crafts represented by the BAC, often called the trowel trades, are Bricklaying and Block Laying, Pointing, Caulking and Restoration.
Length of program: 4 years

Sheet Metal Workers Local 137
Sign Fabricators and Erectors

Local Union 137 fabricates and erects all types of signage including spectaculars, billboards, sign structures and custom signs from layout to rigging. All installations are performed under the highest safety standards with licensed and insured Master Riggers, Master Sign Hangers and Special Sign Hangers. Our apprenticeship program trains each member in every facet of the sign industry.
Length of program: 5 years